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Mining Bodies: The history of the South African mining industry and the bodies that are exploited

On the 15th of October, the Nelson Mandela Foundation, in collaboration with Breathe Films and with the support of the Hanns Seidel Foundation, hosted a dialogue following the launch of the Mining Bodies Exhibition. The exhibition reflects on the mining industry in South Africa and is presented through images, films, documents and sound elements drawn from industrial and state archives dealing with occupational health and mining ranging from the earliest period of gold mining, the 1880s, to the present.

The subsequent dialogue sought to engage with the content of the exhibition and to speak, primarily, to the consequences of gold mining and with regard to public health and the occupational lung diseases silicosis and tuberculosis.

One the panel were Catherine Meyburgh and Richard Pakleppa, producers of the Dying for Gold documentary, Nikisi Lesufi, Senior Executive at the Minerals Council South Africa (formerly the Chamber of Mines), Dr Asanda Benya, an activist academic at the University of Cape Town who has done extensive research on women and the mining industry, and David Van Wyk, the Chief Researcher at the Bench Marks Foundation.

Dr Asanda Benya opened the line of inquiry by reflecting on the ways in which mining has historically shaped our economy and race relations. After the discovery of gold in 1886, South Africa moved from an agricultural economy to an industrial economy because of the growth of the mining industry. Accompanying this growth was the influence mining companies had on governments in the region to establish the migrant labour system which guaranteed a steady stream of cheap labour to the mines. This labour system has been a blessing to the mine bosses and owners as well as the political elite. Arguably, the effects of this system benefitted the lives and identities of white urban families who continue to benefit from exploitative labour in various ways.

“The mines eat men. Even when you have left them the mines may be eating you ” – Thandile Qwalele, passed away 2009 from lung disease, aged 49

The impact of mining is not exclusive to the mineworkers themselves but also the communities surrounding them. Van Wyk shared the findings from research undertaken in former ‘Blacks-only’ townships in South Africa which are often adjacent or in close proximity to mine dumps. The research illustrates that these townships are affected by toxic heavy metals blown through the communities from the nearby dumps and unrehabilitated mines and that traces of uranium, silica and lead have been found in community members’ blood and respiratory systems, leading to disproportionate levels of chronic coughing and other respiratory problems.

Meyburgh relayed how she had been working on a documentary in the early 1990s wherein she discovered how a very large number of mineworkers were dying per day in the mines. She further noted that the mining industry provided the capital on which South African universities, hospitals and medical aids have been built. Speaking directly to many in the audience, she noted that, “People die on our behalf for the lives we live”, to which Pakleppa added: “Do we accept an economy that is based on harming and killing people?”

Lesufi, shared the various initiatives and programmes undertaken by the Minerals Council of South Africa ‘restore the dignity and wellbeing’ of mineworkers and the communities affected by unrehabilitated mining sites and mine dumps.  Lesufi shared feelings of shame about the terrible history of mine labour in South Africa and expressed remorse that the Council continues to fail to achieve its target of  zero fatalities in the mines despite a vast improvement.   

Taking a contrary stance, Lesufi argued that many of “the dumps are generally there before the communities. Communities actually encroach on the dumps.” He further stated that it is the responsibility of the state to rehabilitate the dumps but that due to capacity as well as “ideological priorities”, the state has failed that mandate.

Dr Benya closed the panel by sharing a personal account of growing up in the Eastern Cape and watching families sending their men and boys to go enlist in the mines to provide an income for the family. “When people start working in the mines, you are turned into an object to be productive in the ways the industry needs you to be productive”, reflected Dr Benya.

The interactive and immersive exhibition is currently in the temporary exhibition space at the Nelson Mandela Centre for Memory. To make an appointment to view, please click here.


Constitutionalism as an instrument for transformation

The 17th Nelson Mandela Annual Lecture will be delivered at the University of Johannesburg on Saturday 23 November 2019 by Chief Justice Mogoeng Mogoeng. 


Website highlights


The Nelson Mandela Annual Lecture Series


Meet the team


Annual Report


Researcher Resources


School shoes boost dignity

The Nelson Mandela Foundation, in collaboration with Europa Art, visited Michael Mkhwanazi Primary School in Tsakane, on the 18th of October 2019, to deliver school shoes to hundreds of excited children.


Refugee inclusion in the rainbow nation narrative: UNHCR consultations

In recent weeks, we have observed a series of indefensible horrors in South Africa from the appalling rape and murder of 19-year-old Uyinene Mrwetyana to gratuitous violence against foreign African nationals. This served as the backdrop of the first United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) Africa consultations held at the Nelson Mandela Foundation from 10 - 11 September.


This year’s ‘Mandela Remembrance Walk & Run’ - South Africa’s biggest social and recreational event, hosted by the Nelson Mandela Foundation and the Gauteng Provincial Government - will take place at the Union Buildings, Tshwane, on Sunday 8 December 2019. Participants for the walk and run can enter online on

Buy Mandela Day 10 years merchandise

We have collaborated with various design partners to create inspired and memorable products that will contribute to the dialogue and legacy work of the Nelson Mandela Foundation.


Nelson Mandela’s timeline

When Nelson Mandela called for the isolation of all who promote racial hatred on 26 November 1993, he was months away from becoming South Africa’s first democratically elected president. Here are some of the other November highlights in Mandela’s eventful life:


1962 - 6 November

The United Nations passes Resolution 1761 condemning apartheid on the eve of Mandela’s sentencing to five years’ imprisonment for leaving South Africa without a passport and inciting workers to strike.


1993 - 17 November

Mandela attends the Convention for a Democratic South Africa (Codesa) multiparty negotiations meeting where an interim constitution for South Africa is agreed.


2003 - 28 November

Mandela says Aids threatens South Africa’s future in ways we cannot imagine.


2009 - 10 November

The United Nations declares 18 July Nelson Mandela International Day.


Help us keep Madiba’s legacy alive

SMS Madiba to 42607 to donate R30 towards the work carried out by the Nelson Mandela Foundation

*Terms and conditions apply

Tel: +27 (0)11 547 5600



Giving & Grants
November, 2019 Take action to create positive change locally and globally
Helping communities recover after disasters
Rotary members and The Rotary Foundation play a unique role in disaster recovery and rebuilding efforts. Through Rotary’s Disaster Response Fund and disaster response grants, clubs worldwide can now make a tremendous difference in communities affected by disasters like Hurricane Dorian.
Give the gift of Rotary

The charitable season kicks off 3 December with Giving Tuesday, an online movement that celebrates and encourages giving to make the world a better place. This year, make The Rotary Foundation your charity of choice. A donation to the Foundation helps build sustainable communities around the world.

The Rotary Foundation supports the work of Rotarians who provide lasting solutions to their communities’ most pressing needs. But our work is far from finished. You can help us continue to make a difference by giving the gift of Rotary. With your support, we can make lives better in your community and around the world.

Managing your grants using reports

Use the reports on My Rotary to manage your grant activities. A guide to using reports that can help you with grants shows you how to see your grants by sponsor, participation, location, and more. These reports are especially helpful if you’re a district leader who wants to see the status of every grant application in your district. 

Looking for advice on your grant projects? The Rotary Foundation Cadre of Technical Advisers can help! My Rotary also has a report that lists Cadre members. Send any questions you have about these reports to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

Programs of scale grants coming soon

Programs of scale grants are a new type of grant from The Rotary Foundation. The Foundation will award one grant to a club or district each year in a competitive, two-step process that includes a proposal and application. The process begins in January, and the Foundation Trustees will award the first grant at their October/November 2020 meeting.

These grants support activities that last three to five years, benefit a large geographic area or a large number of people, and are aligned with one or more of Rotary’s areas of focus. The grant award is $2 million. No additional Rotarian funding is required. However it is anticipated that Rotarians will leverage additional resources from partnering organizations. These grants don’t require an international Rotary partner, but the activities must be implemented by working with a partner organization. They will fund only activities that have been used successfully in the past. New or untested activities aren’t eligible. Send questions to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

Learn about the WASH in Schools Target Challenge

Through the WASH in Schools Target Challenge, Rotary and UNICEF are recognizing Rotary clubs whose sustainable projects help children stay healthy and stay in school. Support clean water, better sanitation, and hygiene education in schools, and let Rotary know how you’re making a difference. Visit for more information.

General resources
  • Grant management resources in Rotary’s Learning Center include courses on making your project sustainable, conducting community assessments, planning effective projects, managing grant finances, qualifying your club for Rotary grants, reporting on grants, and more.
  • The Rotary Foundation Reference Guide provides a brief overview of Rotary Foundation programs and services.
  • A Guide to Global Grants is for all members who are interested in applying for global grants or developing more effective and sustainable service projects. This is a valuable training resource.
  • The updated Project Fairs page lists information about these regional events that Rotary districts host to encourage international friendship and collaboration.

© Rotary International
One Rotary Center, 1560 Sherman Ave., Evanston, IL 60201-3698, USA




You hear the miracle before you see it. Shouts, laughter, the “thump!” “ping!” of bouncing basketballs colliding with a chain-link fence. The pounding of running feet, the shrill peal of whistles, the cries of encouragement.

“Nice job.”

“Pass and go.”

“You got this!”

Thump! Ping! Thump! Ping!

Only then do you glimpse the court, the long rectangle of brilliant blue and orange — the colors of the NBA’s New York Knicks — at Morningside Avenue and High Street in Yonkers, New York. Its surface glimmers like sheet cake in the bright sun.

And finally, the kids: short, tall, skinny, plump. They wear glasses and pigtails, silver-mesh headbands and multicolored T-shirts. They joke and smile as they run up and down the immaculate court, its regulation length bracketed at each end with an NBA-quality breakaway backboard. It’s as if they had been playing here their entire childhood.

Yet four years ago, the possibility that this picture-book basketball court might one day exist in a corner of Yonkers must have seemed as remote as the spires of downtown Manhattan, visible through the early summer haze some 15 miles south. Even a few months ago, the basketball court here at John Barton Memorial Park was a buckled concrete mess of cracks and pebbles and broken glass, splotched with clumps of sprouting grass and littered with discarded drug paraphernalia. During downpours, the rain would pool into a small lake, which left a coating of dirt and debris as it dried.

The court had been deteriorating for decades, and it might have moldered decades more had it not been for the efforts of Peter Spano. A member of the Rotary Club of Yonkers-East Yonkers, Spano dreamed of turning this neighborhood eyesore into a source of civic pride. He imagined a flawless new court where children and adults could play pickup games, but he also envisioned how that court might serve as a staging ground for basketball clinics and anti-bullying sessions. In short, as Spano explained one afternoon at a branch of the New York Sports Club, the court could provide opportunities “to teach life lessons through basketball” — which is, after a fashion, an abridged rendition of Spano’s own life.

That Spano chose basketball as the means to implement his dream should have come as no surprise to those who know him. (Nor was his choice of Knicks team colors for the Yonkers basketball court: He has been a hardcore fan of the franchise since the 1990s when the Knicks were led by Hall of Fame center Patrick Ewing.) Growing up in Yonkers, Spano attended Archbishop Stepinac, a Catholic high school for boys in nearby White Plains. Though he played three years on the school’s soccer team, basketball was his true love. He almost certainly would have been a star in that sport, too, except that the school wouldn’t let him play: Spano had a beard, which ran counter to team rules, and he refused to shave it. He still has the beard.

Sticking to his principles “helped develop my character,” Spano says today, but it slammed the door on any chance of playing basketball in college. He played in semipro and summer leagues for a few years until injuries kept him from progressing further. But along the way he learned to respect the lessons in leadership and teamwork that the game taught him. “I’ve been coached by some of my favorite players,” says Spano, who conducts basketball clinics and other events for kids at the New York Sports Club. “And I get to help coach some of their children and cousins and brothers.”

The lessons Spano learned on the basketball court he saw reflected in what he learned about Rotary. He first heard about the organization through the Steven Spielberg film Catch Me If You Can, in which one of the main characters is a member of the club in New Rochelle, a community on Long Island Sound that’s about 10 miles east of the Hudson River city of Yonkers. Spano joined the Yonkers-East Yonkers club in early 2015 as he was beginning to move forward on his plan to build the city a new basketball court. “I really love Rotary and what it stands for, and how many great things Rotarians do across the country and around the world,” he says. “We had a gentleman from Liberia join our club many years ago. We were able to help him build a school [in Monrovia] and sent a school bus there with some books and clothing.”

And sometimes a Rotary club’s focus is purely local, as Spano learned when he began looking for people and organizations to help him make his dream court a reality. “I see a lot of exciting things for the future of the youth through Rotary,” he says. “They are a great partner to have with these types of projects. I was lucky enough to interest them in what we were looking to do for the community.”

The Yonkers-East Yonkers club came on board in 2015; it provided a reliable source of man- and womanpower, as well as financial resources. The club contributed $5,000 toward the project, and a partnership with the Rotary Club of Yeocheon, Korea, led to an additional $16,000 in District Designated Funds (from Districts 3610 in Korea and 7230 in New York and Bermuda) and a $23,500 global grant from The Rotary Foundation. The Police Athletic League of Yonkers, the Yonkers YMCA, the WorldVentures Foundation (which assists children globally), and Sport Court, which builds outdoor basketball courts, also contributed to the project.

Spano’s most significant partner outside Rotary was another member of basketball’s Hall of Fame: Nancy Lieberman. A New York native and three-time All-American at Old Dominion University, “Lady Magic,” as she’s known, played and coached in the Women’s National Basketball Association, helped the U.S. women’s team win a silver medal at the Montreal Olympics in 1976, and became the first woman to play on a professional men’s team: the Springfield Fame in Massachusetts — and later, the Washington Generals, the perennial punching bag of the Harlem Globetrotters. In addition, she did a stint as an assistant coach with the NBA’s Sacramento Kings, and in 2018 she was named coach of the year in the BIG3, a three-on-three league of former NBA and international players.

Through her Nancy Lieberman Charities, she also worked to ensure that economically disadvantaged kids got educational and athletic opportunities, a goal she accomplished through basketball camps and clinics, college scholarships, and a program right in Peter Spano’s wheelhouse: Dream Courts. Lieberman and her foundation have built more than 75 basketball courts in underserved communities across the United States. After consulting with Spano, she agreed to help install a Dream Court in Yonkers — to the tune of $10,000. Nothing but net.

As the funding took shape, Rotarians began looking for a spot for the court. “Our concern was that it be put in an area that needed economic development,” says Alix Schnee, the 2017-18 president of the Yonkers-East Yonkers club. “The other thing was that we had to work with the city government to see if we could find a park that the city would work with us in developing.”

Spano approached the mayor of Yonkers, Mike Spano (no relation), and the city’s parks department. City officials settled on a suitable location in an economically challenged part of Yonkers, John Barton Memorial Park, a place badly in need of repair yet big enough to accommodate a regulation-size basketball court. Once all the permits were obtained, workers tore up the old concrete surface and replaced it with a durable layer of impact-resistant polypropylene tiles. (The perforated surface allows water and dirt to drain through the flooring system.) After the orange and blue surface was put in place, workers installed the NBA-quality backboards, as well as two long wooden benches for players and bleachers for spectators.

In February, city officials, Rotarians, and other Yonkersites gathered at the court for the official ribbon cutting. Lieberman, who attended the ceremony, singled out Spano for special praise. “You had a vision for this, you were determined, you weren’t going to let anybody steal your dream,” she said. “You fought for this court — and here it is.”

But building the court fulfilled only half of Spano’s dream. Like Lieberman, he and his fellow Rotarians envision sports as an arena that can do more than impart lessons about slam dunks and fast breaks. To that end, they launched a six-week session that paired Dream Court basketball clinics with anti-bullying lessons.

The sixth and final session takes place on a cloudless day in late June. Beyond Barton Park, a midrise tenement of dun-colored brick overlooks a monochromatic street studded with row houses clad in shabby clapboard. A group of Rotary volunteers, including Schnee, Sundra Lee-Ingemanson, and Barbara Hanna, arrive early to set up a registration table, bring in the first wave of snacks and bottled water, and, later, distribute Rotary T-shirts to the kids. At the start, only a few children take to the court, but within minutes, five become 10, then 20, then 40.

Dressed in long shorts, red compression sleeves, and an oversize white T-shirt stenciled with the words “Hoops Against Hate,” Spano patiently walks the kids through a series of drills designed to foster teamwork. “Three passes and a shot,” he instructs. At first, the drill has mixed success — “Do you ever pass the ball?” one teen complains to another, who only shrugs and laughs — but slowly the kids catch on. A footwork drill, in which boys and girls step in and out of a rope ladder, has better success. Some of the kids place their feet carefully between the rungs, while others tap-dance back and forth in a rapid-fire blur.

At each session, Spano has arranged for a guest to talk about bullying. Today’s speaker is Tim Hodges, first deputy chief of the Yonkers Police Department and a member of the Yonkers-East Yonkers club. Perched on the bleachers and eating pizza, the kids listen as Hodges, wearing his dress-white police commander’s shirt and his shield, explains how he once dealt with a bully — his former superior, who had different ideas about policing. “He was my boss, and he was really mean to me because I didn’t like to write tickets and I didn’t like to arrest people,” Hodges says. “I would rather play basketball with them or stickball or do fun stuff.

“So he got really mad at me,” Hodges continues. “He said, ‘You’re never going to amount to anything on this job.’ So I went home, and I was really upset. I didn’t realize it then, but he was bullying me. And I was an adult!”

Rather than keep those feelings bottled up, Hodges looked elsewhere for help. “What I learned is that if someone is treating you bad, you go to the person you have confidence in,” he says, seated alongside the kids. “Everybody has someone they have confidence in, right?” For Hodges, even as a grown-up, that person was his mom.

Her advice? Ignore the person. If he makes fun of you, walk away from him. It worked, Hodges tells the kids. Today, he’s the boss of the guy who once bullied him.

As with Spano and many of the other volunteers gathered at the court, Hodges understands how Rotary’s emphasis on Service Above Self influences his daily job as much as it does this afternoon’s courtside session. After his conversation with the kids, he stresses how important it is for police officers “to get along with everyone in the community, which we didn’t do years ago. We made so many mistakes; we thought we could arrest ourselves out of problems. Now, we’ve changed our whole concept.”

And unlike his former boss, Hodges has different advice for his fellow officers. “Go play with the kids,” he tells them. “Play with them in the streets.” That shift from an adversarial mentality seems to be working, he says, and he offers some statistics as proof. Shootings, he says, are at historic lows in Yonkers. “Ten years ago, we were averaging about 60 a year. We are now at 16 — and hopefully, this year we go even lower.”

Hodges takes a special pleasure in joining other members of the Yonkers community for today’s session on the new court. The global grant from Rotary, he acknowledges, was “an amazing thing for them to do. It just helps, me being a public servant and now being involved as a Rotarian. It adds a little more credence to everything.”

There are ample anti-bullying teaching moments on this Saturday — kids trash-talking, pointing, and laughing when someone misses a shot. Spano and the volunteer coaches counteract the negative energy simply through encouraging everyone, no matter his or her skill level. “We want to teach kids that they should fight for what they believe in,” Spano says. “But you can do that without picking on another child, without trying to make yourself feel superior by making someone else feel inferior.”

As the day’s activities wind down, Debra Hogue, who lives nearby, expresses her gratitude for the program. Standing on a tree-shaded hill overlooking the court, she says that she brought her three grandchildren to each of the six sessions. “It’s great because they get to know more kids — and everybody got along. It looks nice, too,” she adds. “I love it. I love it!”

Hogue recalls how at an earlier session she hadn’t paid attention to that day’s speaker. But Isiah, her eight-year-old grandson, “took in every word.” He even wrote a paper about the speech for a school project. “I was really surprised,” Hogue says as she points out her grandson, a boy in a red shirt darting back and forth on the pristine court, shooting layups, grabbing rebounds, and laughing with friends.

Another participant, 14-year-old Omar Jallow, takes a break after several pickup games. “I’m really liking this program,” he says. “I actually underestimated it. I was skeptical about the anti-bullying,” but now he admits he has learned from the speakers. What he really loves, of course, is the court itself. “Good hoops,” he says with a grin. “I wish I could come here more often, but my dad has to drive me here.”

It’s early afternoon when the program ends. Spano fist-bumps with the kids, some of whom stay to play a little longer. He explains how he hopes to build several more courts, one for each of Yonkers’ six districts. For now, however, as the “thump!” “ping!” of bouncing balls echoes from the beautiful court blossoming like a blue and orange flower, Spano and the kids seem plenty thrilled with the one.

Bryan Smith, senior writer at Chicago magazine, is the author of The Breakaway: The Inside Story of the Wirtz Family Business and the Chicago Blackhawks.

• This story originally appeared in the November 2019 issue of The Rotarian magazine.


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Be a part of World Polio Day
World Polio Day is 24 October, and you can be a part of celebrating the progress we’ve made toward ending polio:
  • Host: Make sure your club’s event is registered on our website. We’re asking every club to host and register a polio-related event in 2019.
  • Watch: Watch Rotary’s World Polio Day Online Global Update in English on 24 October.
  • Follow: Follow End Polio Now on Facebook and Twitter and follow Rotary International on Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram.
  • Share: Share our messages and graphic on social media using the #WorldPolioDay hashtag.

The plus in PolioPlus

We talk about Rotary’s effort to end polio that’s called PolioPlus, but what you may not realize is that the program delivers numerous benefits beyond its work toward polio eradication. From preventing disease to providing clean water and even creating jobs, learn how the “Plus” in PolioPlus is improving the world for many more people.

Read more
Nigeria reaches crucial milestone

It’s been more than three years since health officials last reported any wild poliovirus in Nigeria. The milestone, reached on 21 August, means that it’s possible for the entire World Health Organization (WHO) African region to be certified free of the wild poliovirus in mid-2020.

Learn more
Miles to End Polio

Each November, Rotary International General Secretary John Hewko and a team of staff members join Rotary members to cycle up to 100 miles in the El Tour de Tucson bicycle ride to raise funds for polio eradication. The event is one of the top cycling events in the United States and attracts more than 9,000 cyclists each year. Learn more about the team members, follow them as they train, and add your support by donating.

Learn more
In the news
Dr. Tunji Funsho, chair of Rotary’s Nigeria National PolioPlus Committee, spoke with The Telegraph about what Nigeria’s wild poliovirus-free milestone means for Nigerian children. 
In this opinion piece by two U.S. Rotarians from Minnesota, the Minneapolis Star Tribune highlights the recent progress in Nigeria and the efforts of Rotary members all over the world to eradicate polio.
Help Rotary eradicate polio
Will you help by donating to End Polio Now? Your contribution will be automatically tripled by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

© Rotary International
One Rotary Center, 1560 Sherman Ave., Evanston, IL 60201-3698, USA